Scarring this child received whilst in the care of the local authority. No explanation is given, apart from, punishing the mother and child for complaining.
“African children can suffer additional risk because of many cultural and traditional practices which are harmful. Example of such cultural practices include Female Genital Mutilation, using children as Domestic Servants, Widowhood and Inheritance rites, Child Marriages, reliance on extreme forms of Physical Punishments as ways of disciplining children as well as the belief in and practice witchcraft and the accompanying branding of children as witches or as possessed by evil spirits”. Source: Northamptonshire Local Authority, 5 October 2009 [9.15]